Howto install Wireguard in an unprivileged container (Proxmox)

April 14, 2019

Wireguard is the new star on the block concerning VPNs – and yes it has some benefits to the old VPN technologies but I won’t talk about them as there is much information about that on the Internet. This blog post just explains how to set it up in an unprivileged container. In my case everything is done on a Proxmox server. Let’s start:

On the Proxmox host itself we need to get the kernel module running. As Proxmox is based on Debian we just pin the Wireguard package from unstable, which is the recommended way by the Debian project in this case.

echo "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ unstable main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/unstable-wireguard.list
printf 'Package: *\nPin: release a=unstable\nPin-Priority: 90\n' > /etc/apt/preferences.d/limit-unstable
apt update
apt install wireguard pve-headers

If you get following:

Loading new wireguard-0.0.20190406 DKMS files...
Building for 4.15.18-9-pve
Module build for kernel 4.15.18-9-pve was skipped since the
kernel headers for this kernel does not seem to be installed.
Setting up linux-headers-4.9.0-8-amd64 (4.9.144-3.1) ...

you need to make sure the pve-headers for your current kernel is installed. If you installed it later, then you need to call:

dkms autoinstall

In both cases we test it with:

modprobe wireguard

If this works, we auto-load the module at boot, as the host does not know that a container needs that module later.

echo "wireguard" >> /etc/modules-load.d/modules.conf

Now we create our unprivileged container (in my case also Debian 9) and then install the user space tools:

echo "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ unstable main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/unstable-wireguard.list
printf 'Package: *\nPin: release a=unstable\nPin-Priority: 90\n' > /etc/apt/preferences.d/limit-unstable
apt update

and now something special – we want only the user space tools nothing more.

apt-get install --no-install-recommends wireguard-tools

A simple test that everything works can be done by creating temporary a wg0 device.

ip link add wg0 type wireguard

No output means everything worked. And we’re done, everything else is the same as running Wireguard without container – just choose your howto for this.

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